Proctology is a field of medicine dealing with the diagnostics, treatment and prevention of diseases of the terminal part of the digestive tract – the large intestine (about 15 cm), as well as the rectum and anus. Although visiting a proctologist generates "mixed feelings" in many patients – shame or embarrassment, more and more people are struggling with proctological problems, and finding a good proctologist is a prerequisite for returning to a healthy and comfortable life. Diseases of the colon and rectum are often the result of a poor diet, a sedentary lifestyle and little physical activity. This is the reason behind their increasing prevalence.
The list of diseases with which we can go to the proctological clinic is long, although many people may associate a visit to the proctologist mainly with the treatment of hemorrhoids or colon cancer. The range of services available at the Tartaczna 2 Medical Center in Gdańsk includes a number of proctological diagnostic and therapeutic procedures that are performed only according to the latest procedures, using the most modern equipment and by experienced medical practitioners.
What conditions does a proctologist treat?
A proctologist diagnoses and treats diseases of the rectum, colon, anal canal and anus. Some of the most commonly treated proctological diseases include:
- Hemorrhoids – otherwise known as anorectal varices. The disease manifests itself by stretching the hemorrhoids and filling them with excessive blood, which causes inflammation of the hemorrhoids and anal tissues. If left untreated, hemorrhoids can lead to numerous serious diseases, including even colon cancer.
- Polyps of the anal canal and rectum – neoplastic degeneration of connective tissue and epithelium. Polyps are characterized as: adenomatous, hyperplastic, hamartomatous, and pseudopolyps. Excision is recommended as part of the treatment.
- Anal fissure – loss of mucous membrane and the appearance of wounds in the anal area, accompanied by severe pain and problems with defecation.
- Colorectal and Rectal Cancers – colorectal cancer is the third most common malignancy in Poland. The disease develops slowly, which is why early diagnosis and treatment is so important. Be sure to read below what symptoms should prompt a visit to a proctologist. Regular diagnostics are also recommended among men and women over 50 years of age.
- Perianal marginal thrombus, or thrombosis of the external venous plexus, is a common complication of poorly treated or underestimated varicose veins. The nodules near the anus noticeably enlarge and are accompanied by severe pain.
- Perianal skin folds – The marginal folds of the anus are hypertrophied folds of anoderm soft nodules, connective tissue and blood vessels.
- Hair cysts – inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue of the pelvis manifested by the formation of a purulent blister filled with hair and fluid. It affects men most often.
- Fibroadenomas – soft or hard subcutaneous nodules between the buttocks that cause discomfort during daily activities, as well as aesthetic discomfort.
- Fecal incontinence – these problems can affect up to 10% of the population, more commonly women after childbirth. This occurs due to damage to the anal sphincter muscles, chronic constipation, or when taking certain weight loss or laxative medications.
- Inflammatory conditions of the colon or rectum – ulcerative colitis, leaky gut syndrome, Crohn's disease, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). There are more and more effective and rapid diagnostic and treatment methods for these issues.
- Rectal bleeding and itching – in order to determine the causes and take the right treatment path, it is essential to see a proctologist as soon as possible. The main causes include hemorrhoids, anal fissure or fungal or bacterial infections.
- Problems with bowel movements – chronic constipation is a problem for up to 30% of all adult Poles. A healthy person should have a bowel movement 1-2 times per day, and this number drops to about 3-4 per week in people suffering from bowel problems. This is accompanied by intractable abdominal pain, the sensation of pushing and pressure. There are many effective and quick ways to treat and prevent this health problem.
What symptoms should prompt you to see a proctologist?
The most significant symptoms prompting a visit to a proctologist include:
- Rectal bleeding, purulent or mucous discharge
- Severe rectal pain, abdominal pain
- Painful or difficult bowel movements
- Sensation of incomplete bowel movements
- Damage or inflammation to the skin of the anal area
- Itching and burning sensations in the anal area
- Fecal or gas incontinence
- Blood in stools
- Stool pressure
- Chronic stomach problems – including diarrhea, bloating, constipation, gas.
It is important to remember that many serious conditions and complicated proctological treatment procedures can be avoided with proper diagnostics beforehand. Many diseases can be treated minimally invasively by cutting out excess tissue, nodules or polyps.
Visit us at the Proctology Outpatient Clinic Gdańsk - Tartaczna 2 Medical Center if you have concerns.
Remember! The biggest mistake is to see a proctologist too late, when the disease is already in an advanced state. Tartaczna 2 Medical Center in Gdańsk offers a wide range of diagnostics and proctological procedures, as well as modern and fast treatment methods. We ensure complete discretion, intimacy and comfort during each of your visits. The doctors – proctologists of our Medical Center, are specialists with extraordinary experience and expertise, and, what is important, showing empathy, understanding and orientation to the benefit of the patient and ensuring a sensitive approach. Treat yourself in one of the most modern proctology clinics in Gdansk.