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Cardiology

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Cardiology is the field of medicine concerned with the diagnostics and treatment of cardiovascular system diseases, i.e. the heart and circulatory system. A cardiologist is a specialist who deals with these conditions. Cardiovascular diseases currently top the list of the most common causes of death in Poland. Untreated and undiagnosed cardiovascular disease can lead to serious complications, such as myocardial infarction, stroke, heart failure, atherosclerosis of the lower extremities with their ischemia, syncope and numerous other health consequences. In our center, you can undergo the necessary diagnostic tests to facilitate diagnosing and establishing further treatment, such as echocardiography (ECHO heart), electrocardiography (ECG), laboratory tests, Holter monitoring and ECG.

 

Echocardiography

 

Otherwise known as cardiac echo, cardiac ultrasound and ultrasound cardiography, the echocardiogram is an ultrasound technique that involves examining the structures of the heart and large blood vessels using ultrasounds (ultrasonography). This examination provides a non-invasive assessment of the anatomical structures of the heart, the movement of the myocardium and intracardiac valves, and the blood flow within the atria and ventricles of the heart, the large cardiac vessels (aorta, vena cava, pulmonary artery and veins), as well as coronary vessels.

 

Electrocardiography (ECG)

The ECG is a non-invasive test of heart function. It examines the electrical activity of the heart muscle. Electrodes, placed on the patient's body, collect information about the heart's electrical activity and transmit it to the ECG machine, which records it on ECG paper tape or other media such as a flash drive. The result of an ECG recording is called an ‘electrocardiogram’. The ECG result should be interpreted by a cardiologist who is knowledgeable and experienced. It can detect heart irregularities, arrhythmias, impaired blood flow to the heart, congenital heart defects or signs of a past or current heart attack.

 

Blood pressure Holter monitoring

 

Blood pressure Holter monitoring is used to diagnose heart disease and hypertension. Blood pressure monitoring is a 24-hour automatic recording of your blood pressure. During the test, the patient is fitted with a special device that monitors the pressure at all times. Typically, measurements are taken every 15 minutes during the day and every 30 minutes at night. A blood pressure monitor detects both pathological drops and fluctuations in blood pressure. There are no contraindications to blood pressure Holter monitoring.

 

Indications for this test include:

  • diagnostics and follow-up of hypertension;
  • determining the effectiveness of treatment being used;
  • eliminating the phenomenon of elevated blood pressure during medical appointments (stress-related, the so-called “white coat hypertension”);
  • pressure assessment during normal activities of daily living;
  • detecting sudden changes in pressure that are the cause of a patient's discomfort.

 

ECG Holter

A Holter ECG is performed to check the electrical activity of the heart over a 24-hour period. Sometimes a longer observation period such as 2, 3 or 7 days is required. It is a non-invasive and painless test. The test involves the attachment of a measuring device and, thereafter, continuous ECG recording. The patient is asked to be careful with the electrodes during this time (so as not to peel them off) and to undergo their usual activities. There are no contraindications to performing it. This test is performed and evaluated by a cardiology specialist.

 

This test is extremely helpful in:

  • detecting cardiac arrhythmias, coronary artery disease,
  • assessing the effectiveness of antiarrhythmic treatment,
  • monitoring status after myocardial infarction,
  • evaluating heart rate after pacemaker implantation,
  • observing congenital heart defects,
  • verifying the causes of syncope, loss of consciousness, recurrent palpitations.
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